School Nursing: Scope and Standards of Practice
Standards of School Nursing Practice 1- 6
Standards of School Nursing Practice 1- 6
- Assessment: The school nurse collects comprehensive data pertinent to the child’s health or situation.
- Diagnosis: The school nurse analyzes the assessment data to determine the diagnosis and issues.
- Outcomes Identification: The school nurse identifies expected outcomes for a plan individualized to the client or situation.
- Planning: The school nurse develops a plan that prescribes strategies and alternatives to attain expected outcomes.
- Implementation: The school nurse implements and documents the identified plan using evidence-based interventions and standard language or recognized terminology.
1. Coordination of Care
2. Health Teaching and Health Promotion
4. Prescriptive Authority and Treatment
- Evaluation: The school nurse evaluates progress towards attainment of outcomes.
- Upholds healthcare consumer’s confidentiality within legal, regulatory and ethical parameters of health and education
- Advocates for equitable healthcare consumer care
- Assists healthcare consumers in self-determination and informed decision-making, as developmentally appropriate
- Speaks up when appropriate to question healthcare practice when necessary for safety and quality improvement.
- Participates in ongoing educational activities related to professional issues
- Contributes to a work environment conducive to the education of professionals
- Shares educational findings, experiences and ideas with peers
- Maintains state and national certification and/or credentialing
- Uses current evidence, including research findings to guide practice decisions
- Incorporates evidence when initiating changes in school nursing practice
- Participates in data collection such as surveys, pilot projects, and formal studies
- Demonstrates quality of practice by documenting the application of the nursing process in a responsible, accountable, and ethical manner
- Uses creativity and innovation to enhance school nursing care
- Participates in quality improvement practices
- Seeks continuous improvement of own communication and conflict resolution skills.
- Conveys information to healthcare consumers in formats that promote understanding.
- Uses communication as a strategy to achieve nursing goals.
- Contributes own professional perspective with multidisciplinary team and others.
- Seeks ways to advance nursing autonomy and accountability of school nurses.
- Participates in school nursing, school health and other professional organizations.
- Serves in formal and informal leadership roles in professional organizations and committees at local, state and national levels.
- Mentors colleagues for the advancement of nursing practice, the profession, and quality healthcare.
- Partners with others to effect change and generate positive outcomes through the sharing of knowledge about the healthcare consumer and/or situation.
- Functions as a liaison between the family, school and community.
- Acts as an advocate for the healthcare consumer in multidisciplinary collaboration.
- Provides age-appropriate and developmentally appropriate care in a culturally and ethically sensitive manner
- Engages in self-evaluation on a regular basis, identifying areas of strength and areas in which professional development would be beneficial.
- Enhances one’s own professional nursing practice by networking with peers and colleagues.
- Demonstrates achievement of goals identified during the evaluation process.
- Evaluates factors such as safety, effectiveness, availability of cost and benefits, and impact on practice
- Assists the healthcare consumer and family in identifying and securing appropriate and available resources
- Develops innovative solutions and applies strategies to obtain appropriate resources for nursing initiatives
- Assists healthcare consumer and school community in becoming informed consumers about health promotion, health education, school health services and individualized health interventions.
- Promotes a practice environment that reduces environmental health risks of healthcare consumers, including visitors.
- Assures communication regarding environmental risks and exposure reduction strategies to student healthcare consumers, families, colleagues, and communities.
- Participates in or initiates strategies that promote an emotionally or physically healthy school culture.
- Conducts school health needs assessments to identify current health problems and identify the need for new programs.
- Develops and implements needed health programs using a program planning process
- Evaluates ongoing health programs for outcomes and quality of care.
- Interprets the role of the school nurse and school health service needs to the school and the community.